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A consistent method for the selection of relevant instruments

Hall, A.R., F.P.M. Peixe (2003), "A consistent method for the selection of relevant instruments", Econometric Reviews, 22(3), 269-287.
Abstract:

In many applications, a researcher must select an instrument vector from a candidate set of instruments. If the ultimate objective is to perform inference about the unknown parameters using conventional asymptotic theory, then we argue that it is desirable for the chosen instrument vector to satisfy four conditions which we refer to as orthogonality, identification, efficiency, and non-redundancy. It is impossible to verify a priori which elements of the candidate set satisfy these conditions; this can only be done using the data. However, once the data are used in this fashion it is important that the selection process does not contaminate the limiting distribution of the parameter estimator. We refer to this requirement as the inference condition. In a recent paper, Andrews [[Andrews, D. W. K. (1999)]. Consistent moment selection procedures for generalized method of moments estimation. Econometrica67:543-564] has proposed a method of moment selection based on an information criterion involving the overidentifying restrictions test. This method can be shown to select an instrument vector which satisfies the orthogonality condition with probability one in the limit. In this paper, we consider the problem of instrument selection based on a combination of the efficiency and non-redundancy conditions which we refer to as the relevance condition. It is shown that, within a particular class of models, certain canonical correlations form the natural metric for relevancy, and this leads us to propose a canonical correlations information criterion (CCIC) for instrument selection. We establish conditions under which our method satisfies the inference condition. We also consider the properties of an instrument selection method based on the sequential application of [Andrews, D. W. K. (1999)]. Consistent moment selection procedures for generalized method of moments estimation. Econometrica67:543-564 method and CCIC.

Keywords: Instrumental variables estimation; Instrument selection; Information criterion; Canonical correlations