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Labour-market institutions, (un)employment, wages and growth: theory and data

Afonso, O., A. M. Bandeira, M. Magalh„es (2018), "Labour-market institutions, (un)employment, wages and growth: theory and data", Applied Economics, 50(6), 613-633.
Abstract:

We analyse the implications of labour-market institutions on wage inequality in favour of skilled labour, on relative unemployment of unskilled labour, and on the economic growth rate in two clusters resulting from 27 OECD countries: Cluster 1, closely related with the Anglo-Saxon model, and Cluster 2, dominated by the Continental-European model. By linking the unskilled wage to the skilled one in Cluster 2, due to the indexation of social benefits to per-capita income, we accommodate the observed paths of the three variables in both clusters between 1991 and 2008: Cluster 1 presents a higher wage inequality in favour of skilled labour, a lower unemployment of the unskilled labour, and a better economic growth rate.