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What are the conditions for good innovation results? A fuzzy-set approach for European Union

Dionisio, A., P. Ferreira (2016), "What are the conditions for good innovation results? A fuzzy-set approach for European Union", Journal of Business Research, 69(11), 53965400.
Abstract:

Innovation is one of the main concerns of European Union countries since the beginning of the century. Despite failing to reach their targets, innovation remains a priority because innovation enables countries to achieve better economic performance. This study analyzes the relation between the level of innovation and the economic effects and applies a fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis to study the relation between six conditions and two different outcomes. The data comes from the Union Innovation Scoreboard. The study finds that research systems, linkages and entrepreneurship, and intellectual assets are necessary conditions for the outcomes of a high level of innovation and positive economic effects. The main sufficient condition for both outcomes is a good research system.